Background 

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Social determinants of health are increasingly recognized as an integral factor in the health of members of a community. However many people have limited knowledge on what SDoH are and how they can be considered in care models.

 
 
Social determinants of health are conditions in the environments in which people are born, live, learn, work, play, worship, and age that affect a wide range of health, functioning, and quality-of-life outcomes and risks.
Healthy People 2020
 

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Access to and quality of housing

 
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Food security/insecurity

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Employment

 
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Education Opportunities

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Community Resources

 
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Access to transportation

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Exposure to crime/violence

 
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Discrimination

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Social and community support

 
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Cultural Norms

The social and economic landscape of a community govern peoples’ access to resources and affect overall well being. For example, an individual who has the ability to conveniently purchase a variety of unprocessed foods can choose to have a diet full of fresh fruits and vegetables. An individual who lives in a community without healthy food options, or where many residents are low-income, would not necessarily have that choice. Similarly, a community that lacks affordable, quality housing options is probably one in which many residents live in unsanitary or unsafe conditions. Therefore, communities’ SDoH landscapes can create very different opportunities for people to be healthy.